Prevention of Risk for Sustainable Development of The Region
The trans-border Bulgarian Turkish area is a fast developing area, with specific geographical, economical and environmental features, requiring special efforts for their management. At that situation the emerging new technologies and the economical situation in the region, are on focus, since they have significant impacts to the environment and cause risk situations, which need special attention and knowledge to be managed. Natural and manmade disasters are part of our everyday life, regardless of the fact that they are often classified with low probability to happen, but the risk prevention and the mitigation of disaster’s consequences is even more important in the cross-border area, not only as area of meeting people from different countries with different understanding and different life style, resources and abilities, but also as the front doors of the countries and a transition area. The area is facing natural disasters such as: floods, landslides, fires, etc. and manmade disasters caused by different types of hazards: technological – various types of major hazards like corrosion, toxic release, radioactivity, blasts and fires, economical risk for the society and economy, environmental risk, related with the polluted big rivers Maritsa, Tundzha and the whole industrialization of the region, biological risk, safety and security risk, health risk. The influence of factors, such as environmental or technological ones do not recognize borders and that is how the risk issue becomes more and more complicated and needs to be managed by mutual efforts. Hazards, risks and the factors causing them must be approached with knowledge and competencies that are not well enough achieved in the process of education. Since the analysis and risk assessment is not yet a topic present in-depth curriculum, it is necessary for citizens and businesses to be educated in the area of various types of hazards, risks, their evaluation, and prevention methods used to minimize the risks, which the region faces. The concrete needs of the target groups, which have been discussed during the project preparation meeting with the partners, are connected with the necessity of information dissemination, training and experience exchange. As the representatives of local and regional authorities and business shared, there is a need for both theoretical and practical knowledge for risk and risk prevention management, most important for overcoming the critical situations, which region faces. strengths: Good capacity of partners teams at the area of risk assessment and analysis, sustainable development of the environment in the trans border coastal area; support by regional and local governments in the trans border region; good partners’ cooperation and understanding, experience in organization of public trainings and meetings; weaknesses: Lack of knowledge among the target groups representatives about the natural and manmade disaster, natural and technogenic risk and prevention management; low interest to risk prevention as a key for sustainable development; low level of cooperation in prevention and setting up measures for risk mitigation; low capacity of the managerial boards in different sectors in the area of risk management; absence of data base and systematic analysis of manmade and natural disasters; constraints: Different management models; different national legislations and rules in overcoming the disasters; The project proposal gives opportunity to overcome many of the weaknesses and constraints, focusing of the strengths of the region and project’s partnership.
The project is designed in close cooperation between the BSI and Trakya University. The project proposal was discussed in details on a personal meeting between the partners, held on 22nd of February in Trakya University Campus and through e-mails and other sources of communication. The project proposal clearly integrates the ideas, needs, priorities, and actions of partners on both sides of the border. BSI is the lead partner and coordinator of the process of development and eventual implementation of the project’s idea but PP2-Trakya University is an active part of the project, since its development through its entire implementation.
The activities, planned in the project are carried out and coordinated between LP and PP2. They are clearly connected in terms of content and implementation, which forms the sustainable management and development of the whole project. Some of the most important joint implementation initiatives are the Bulgarian-Turkish group of experts working in Activity 1, 2, 3 and 4, the Bulgarian-Turkish project staff, etc. Even though the Lead Partner is responsible for the proper coordination of the project activities and the kept schedules, PP2 is active part of the project on every part of the project’s activity. The project’s activities are planned to be developed on both sides of the border and the results would be usable for both project countries, Balkans and EU.
The main goal is to develop joint risk assessment methodologies ensuring data base collection and information analysis.This could help the stakeholders in preparation of measures for disasters prevention, mitigation the consequences related with the impact on the environment, people, business in TBR and to point out risk zones, where the level of the risk from realization of the disasters has high impact.Group of risk experts /8 persons/, will investigate the disasters – manmade and natural happened in the cross border region during the last 5 years. The risk zones would be assessed with risks levels in three ranks: acceptable, medium and unacceptable, presented on the map of TBR in green, yellow and red color, developing the so called “risk maps” which will be prepared usin a special risk map application/attached/.When assessing the risk level, the effectiveness of prevention for positive economic results for business and administration would be taken into account.The risk maps would show in a very understandable way the actual zones, where the levels of risks from realization of manmade and natural disasters is high and therefore need more attention, knowledge and competence in prevention and mitigation of disaster consequences-high impact risk zones. The collected and processed data would be summarized in three reports/analyses and would form the base of detailed risk assessment for the high impact risk zones.